Today on March 26 there is celebrated the World Day of the Cancer of Neck of Womb (CCU) or cancer of cérvix. This type of cancer is the third most frequent between the women of the whole world, behind the breast cancer and colorectal.
Prevention, this is the key against the cancer of neck of the womb, a cancer that for years supposes a big problem for the gynecologists. This type of cancer is quite frequent, located in a place difficult to dock surgically and with a rapid diffusion. The HPV or Human Virus of the Papilloma, which we can detect in the injuries of the neck of the womb, is one of the big desencadenantes of this type of cancer. It is a question of the infection of more common sexual transmission, annually 438.000 cases are detected approximately.
Nevertheless to today it is possible to prepare the womb cancer, by means of a vaccine. It is necessary to bear in mind that up to 74 % of the cases of CCU in the world they are produced by the type of VPH 16 or 18, and that more than 75 % of the alive women sexual active has had some contact with this virus. Most, close to 85 %, they solve it thanks to their own immune system. In 15 % nevertheless the infection persists and it is in these women where the risk of cervical injuries is established.In these true cases factors can determine the evolution of this type of injuries.
-Precocious beginning of the sexual intercourse associated with a high number of sexual couples, they increase the risk not only of sexually transmitted diseases but also the appearance of cancer.
-Sexually transmitted diseases (Chlamydia, herpes, VIH …)
-To take contraceptive oral during more than 5 years.
-Inmunodepresión caused by infection by VIH or transplanted with treatments immunosuppressants take a 17 times major relative infection risk as VPH and 9 times for the cancer development.
-Multiparity. The high parity, seven or more pregnancies to term, increases the risk of enduring cérvix carcinoma compared to the women who have no had children.
-Deficit diets in certain type of vitamins might be related to the injuries appearance, although to today there are no definitive conclusions that relate it. Also the life style, the obesity, the alcohol might influence the development of the illness.
-The topic of the HPV generates in most cases anxiety and anxiety, therefore before any problem it is advisable to consult the gynecologist. And he remembers, the prevention in this type of cancer is fundamental.